Domestic minor sex trafficking, or the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), often occurs in the context of vulnerabilities created by social systems. Children who lack access to supportive services and/or supervision, awareness and prevention education, and ability to report abuse, etc. are at higher risk of exploitation and abuse. Varying at-risk populations will be defined and described (i.e., child welfare involvement, LGBT, and Deaf children and youth) in terms of demographics such as age, incidence of trafficking in the population, risk factors, and special considerations for intervention and prevention. The overall issue of trafficking risk within these special populations will be explored from a systems perspective, which conceptualizes vulnerability within the context of societal supports such as mental health care, education and economic systems, and the accessibility of services to each group. This training will seek to provide an overview of the topic of CSEC and how to engage with various at-risk child and youth populations. During this workshop, participants will have the opportunity to identify trafficking warning signs, risk factors, and outline next steps for effective and trauma-informed engagement with youth.
M. Elizabeth Bowman is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Work at Gallaudet University. She is also a minor domestic sex trafficking survivor, anti-trafficking advocate, mother of two teens, researcher, clinician, and speaker. In her clinical practice she works with trafficking survivors using trauma-informed yoga group therapy and also has a clinical practice supporting children and adolescents with anxiety and other challenges. She holds clinical social work licensure in DC and Maryland and is a Registered Yoga Teacher, RYT-200. Her research areas include the intersection of child welfare and sex trafficking, organizational culture and supervision in child welfare, and special populations issues in trafficking including LGBT, foster youth, and Deaf youth.
9:00 – 10:30
10:45 – 12:15
Questions & Adjournment
Upon the completion of this workshop, participants will be able to:
Understand the risk factors and identification of sex trafficking in work with special populations
Learn how to reduce risk and safety issues in practice
Learn how to engage with survivors from an empowerment framework and resources for support
BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCES
Sullivan, P.M., Vernon, M., & Scanlan, J.M. (1987). Sexual Abuse of Deaf Youth. American Annals of the Deaf 132(4), 256-262. doi:10.1353/aad.2012.0614.
Jones, S. (2017). Enablers of help-seeking for deaf and disabled children following abuse and barriers to protection: a qualitative study. Child & Family Social Work, 22(2), 762–771. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12293
Wakeland, A. (2017). What is the prevalence of abuse in the deaf/hard of hearing population? The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 29(3), 434–454. https://doi.org/10.1080/14789949.2017.1416659
Mertens, D. (1996). Breaking the Silence About Sexual Abuse of Deaf Youth. American Annals of the Deaf (Washington, D.C. 1886), 141(5), 352–358. https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2012.0257.
Schild, D. (2012). Trauma Exposure and Traumatic Symptoms in Deaf Adults. Psychological Trauma, 4(1), 117–127. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021578
Titus, J. (2010). The Nature of Victimization Among Youths With Hearing Loss in Substance Abuse Treatment. American Annals of the Deaf (Washington, D.C. 1886), 155(1), 19–30. https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.0.0127
Kvam, M.H. (2004). Sexual abuse of deaf children: A retrospective analysis of the prevalence and characteristics of childhood sexual abuse among deaf adults in Norway. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28(3), 241-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2003.09.017.
Lalor, K., & McElvaney, R. (2010). Child sexual abuse, links to later sexual exploitation/highrisk sexual behavior, and prevention/treatment programs. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 11(4), 159–177. doi:10.1177/1524838010378299
Landers, M., McGrath, K., Johnson, M.H., Armstrong, M.I., & Dollard, N. (2017). Baseline Characteristics of Dependent Youth Who Have Been Commercially Sexually Exploited: Findings From a Specialized Treatment Program. JOURNAL OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE, 26(6), 692–709 https://doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2017.1323814
National Research Council 2013. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/18358.
Miller-Perrin, C. & Wurtele, S.K. (2017) Sex Trafficking and the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, Women & Therapy, 40:1-2, 123-151, DOI: 10.1080/02703149.2016.1210963
Withers, M. (2017). The Underrecognized Victims of Trafficking: Deaf Women. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/modern-day-slavery/201709/the-underrecognized-victims-trafficking-deaf-women
Franchino-Olsen, H., Silverstein, H.A., Kahn, N.F. and Martin, S.L. (2020). Minor sex trafficking of girls with disabilities. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 13 (2), 97-108. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-07-2019-0055
Gibbs, D.A., Feinberg, R.K., Dolan, M., Latzman, N.E., Misra, S., Domanico, R. (2018). Report to Congress: The Child Welfare System Response to Sex Trafficking of Children: Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Category I Maryland BSWE Requirement
The Office of Continuing Professional Education at the University Of Maryland School Of Social Work is authorized by the Board of Social Work Examiners in Maryland to sponsor social work continuing education programs. This workshop qualifies for 3 Category I Continuing Education Units. The Office of Continuing Professional Education is also authorized by the Maryland Board of Psychologists and the Maryland Board of Professional Counselors to sponsor Category A continuing professional education.
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Social Workers, LCPCs, and Psychologists
All those interested in Topic Welcomed
Fee & Registration:
Cost is $70 and includes CE credit. Registering after February 2, 2023 will incur an additional $20 late fee. *Cancellations must be received 24 hours in advance prior to the live interactive webinar to receive a refund or a credit letter.
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